Running backups on Mac
Conveniently, Apple have included a useful backup tool in Time Machine. You simply need to plug in an external drive, tell Time Machine to use it and it chugs away in the background backing things up. But, particularly with laptops, you do need remember to both plug it in and eject it. What about using a networked storage device for backing up to? It is always there.
To set this up, you need to create a virtual disk on your Mac that can be mounted and pretend to be a disk available to Time Machine and put that on the networked storage.
Importantly, it also needs to mimic the properties of the drive you’re backing up in terms of case-sensitivity (note the -fs flag below).
For me the command to generate the file is:
hdiutil create -size 750g -type SPARSEBUNDLE -fs "Case-sensitive Journaled HFS+" -volname "TM_Rohan" MBA_TM.sparsebundle
You can then copy this file onto the network share you’d like.
To run the backup, you need to mount the new drive on the share, which is two steps - mount the share and then the virtual drive. An easy way to deal with Samba network shares is to use the commandline. You may need to make the mount-point first:
mount -t smbfs //GUEST:@192.168.145.145/Backup-Rohan /Volumes/Backup-Rohan sudo hdiutil attach -mountpoint /Volumes/TM_Rohan/ /Volumes/Backup-Rohan/MBA_TM.sparsebundle
The first time you set this up, you need to tell the Time Machine process to use this disk:
sudo tmutil setdestination -a /Volumes/TM_Rohan
Importantly, the -a tells the command to ‘add’ the destination, rather than replace it. If you already use a disk, it will be removed as a destination available to Time Machine without the ‘-a’.
Get the ID of the destination:
Noting the Volume ID, you can the tell Time Machine directly to back up now to that device
tmutil startbackup --auto --block --destination $VID